About the movie
The DVD comes together with a policy report. You can contact us for a promotional copy.
These developments have a twofold impact: on countries such as Moldova and Ukraine, whose “defective” transitions already make them weak and implausible EU candidates in the near future, and on minority groups such as Poles, Slovakians and Romanians living in these countries and who were connected by various lifelines to the economies of their mother-countries.
In the particular case of Romania, EU accession was immediately followed by a crisis in the Moldovan-Romanian relations. Nearly 800 000 Moldovans allegedly have applied to Romanian citizenship, making Moldovan authorities fear the country will be emptied of citizens. Moldovans already have more than half their workforce abroad. Temporary visas to Moldovans by Romanian authorities were also granted with considerable difficulty, leading swiftly to queues of thousands and corruption of the granting authorities. Border trade and temporary jobs were disrupted, affecting countless people in Moldova and Ukraine. Despite the problem being known from previous accessions there was little preparation for a softer landing.
Transcarpathia, Ukraine. This Ukrainian region has a mixture of Slovak, Polish and Hungarian population alongside Ukrainians. Once defined by geographers as “the geometric centre” of Europe, Transcarpathians find today thoroughly isolated. Hungarians and Slovaks have benefited from “national cards” allowing them to travel in their “national” countries, but this privilege disappeared after their respective countries joined the Schengen Angreement. Most of the inhabitants of the region can travel nowhere, however, and economic stagnation reigns.
Hertza, Ukraine. This Ukrainian region became famous for being occupied by mistake my Russian troops following the Ribentropp-Molotov pact. The population of Hertza has changed nationality at least four times in the 20th century. Originally a mixed population with many Jews and Romanians, Hertza has turned gradually Ukrainian over the last decades. The accession of Romania cuts this border region completely from Europe.
Ungheni and Sculeni, Moldova and Romania. These places on the river Pruth were divided in two by the border cut at the Second World War, leaving half in Romania and half in what was then the Socialist Republic of Moldova, and is now the independent Republic of Moldova. From Ungheni on, the trains travel on Soviet-times rails. On the occasion of Romania's EU accession, people on the Moldovan side were severed from their jobs and trading places, frequently from their families as well, as many Moldovan families are split by the border.
Transnistria. Following Moldova's emancipation form the Soviet Union, a few districts on the left bank of Dniestr separated and proclaimed “the last Soviet Republic”. Moldova tried to regain control by force, but lost also an area on the right bank. The Russian XIVth Army is still stationed there, but the territory is controlled by armed local militias. Various reconciliation plans failed the region has become since a hub for various kinds of traffic. There is a OSCE mission on ground enforcing a blockade on separatists on the Moldovan-Ukrainian border. After Kosovo, Transnistria is the second unsolved conflict on EU's border. The difference is that Transnistria saw no international intervention, so the rebels are actually in full control. As Transnistria was not recognized even by Russia so far, the legal situation of its inhabitants (for instance their passports) is also in limbo.
Northern Black Sea ' The Desert of Tartars. No Tartars are left in Budgeak, their historical location in southern Moldova and Ukraine (now Ukraine). But old Genoese castles remain guarding the sea and remnants of German colonies can still be found, from Odessa to Berezina.